Embryonic stem cells are the most powerful of all stem cells. These cells possess the greatest potential to heal disease and injury. With the ability to manipulate their differentiation, scientists believe that they can replace damaged body parts. In a nutshell, they are the best kind of cells. Read on to learn about their uses. Here are 4 of the most common types of stem cells that you can store in the Abu Dhabi stem cells center.
Embryonic stem cells:
Embryonic stem cells are derived from the inner cell mass of an embryo. These embryonic stem cells are harvested four days after fertilization. During this time, they are placed in a cultural dish. This process is called passage. The goal of embryonic stem cell research is to learn how to control the process of differentiation. Scientists have developed methods to manipulate stem cells and induce them to differentiate into specific cell types. One such process is directed differentiation.
Adult stem cells:
What are adult stem cells? Adult stem cells can differentiate into specific cell types, including muscle, blood, and skin, unlike embryonic stem cells. Unlike embryonic stem cells, which can differentiate into any cell type, adult stem cells can only differentiate into the cell types in the tissue from which they came. In essence, adult stem cells are unipotent and multipotent, but they do possess the potential to repair damaged tissue. However, these cells are rare and are found in various tissues of the adult organism.
Induced pluripotent stem cells:
Researchers have discovered a way to coax adult mouse cells into embryonic stem cells. These cells can then be forced to express factors that maintain their stemness. This discovery has the potential to change the way scientists approach to disease and treatment. Researchers have already started using these cells to test drugs in human skin cells. These cells are a promising new source of stem cells for research.
Tissue-specific stem cells:
Tissue-specific stem cells are found throughout the body and can differentiate into a range of derived tissues. In particular, they can differentiate into muscle, bone, adipose tissue, and cartilage. Tissue-specific stem cells differentiate faster and more efficiently if they focus on a particular lineage. However, there is a great deal of variability among stem cells. To ensure successful tissue engineering, it is crucial to select stem cells specific to the tissue in question.